Can Endometriosis Cause Bowel Issues?

Endometriosis is a common but often under-recognized condition, primarily affecting women between 15-50. It results from the growth of tissue similar to the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) outside the uterus. This article explores the question: Can endometriosis cause bowel issues?

Understanding Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue, similar to the kind that lines the uterus (the endometrium), grows outside the uterus. This condition usually affects the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis. However, in some cases, it can also affect other organs, including the bowel.

Endometriosis and Bowel Involvement

When endometriosis affects the bowels, it typically occurs in two forms:

  • Superficial: The endometriosis tissue is located on the surface of the bowel.
  • Deep: The endometriosis tissue passes through the bowel wall.

In both cases, doctors usually find a small mass of tissue, known as a lesion, on the bowel wall. More rarely, these lesions can penetrate into the muscular layer of the bowel.

Read More: Endometriosis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Distinguishing the Differences

Causes of Endometriosis

While the definitive cause of endometriosis remains unknown, several contributing factors have been identified. These include hormonal imbalances, immune system problems, and genetic factors.

Symptoms of Bowel Endometriosis

The symptoms of bowel endometriosis can vary, depending on the location and size of the lesion, and how deep it is within the bowel wall. These symptoms often mimic those of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but there are key differences.

Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Trouble pooping or loose, watery stools (constipation or diarrhea)
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Menstrual discomfort
  • Painful sex
  • Difficulty getting pregnant (infertility)
  • Blocked bowel (this is a rare symptom)

Diagnosing Bowel Endometriosis

Diagnosing bowel endometriosis can be challenging due to its similarities with other conditions. However, if you have other endometriosis symptoms, such as painful periods, painful sex, lower back pain, or abdominal bloating and discomfort, it’s critical to talk to your doctor.

Read More: Understanding Bowel Endometriosis

Misdiagnosis of Bowel Endometriosis

Unfortunately, bowel endometriosis is often misdiagnosed as irritable bowel syndrome or other gastrointestinal diseases. This is because the symptoms of bowel endometriosis can mirror those of IBS, Crohn’s disease, and appendicitis.

Read More: Finding an Excision Specialist: What you Need to Know

Treatment for Bowel Endometriosis

Treatment for bowel endometriosis is usually tailored to the patient’s symptoms and medical history. The most common treatments include surgery, hormone treatments, and counseling.

Coping with Bowel Endometriosis

Bowel endometriosis is a challenging condition to live with. It not only affects your physical health but also your mental well-being. Many patients have found some symptom relief through lifestyle changes, including dietary adjustments and regular exercise.

The Importance of Early Detection

Given the potential complications of bowel endometriosis, early detection and treatment are crucial. If you experience bowel issues alongside painful menstruation, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional.


The question, “Can endometriosis cause bowel issues?” is undoubtedly answered with a resounding yes. However, with timely detection, appropriate treatment, and necessary lifestyle changes, it’s possible to manage the symptoms and lead a healthy life.

Additional Information

This article is a comprehensive exploration of how endometriosis can impact bowel health. It’s essential to remember that while this condition can cause significant discomfort and health issues, effective treatments are available. If you suspect you have endometriosis, don’t hesitate to reach out to a healthcare provider.


Notify of

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Latest Endometriosis Articles


Can Endometriosis Cause Vomiting?

A Perplexing Condition Endometriosis, a disorder affecting an estimated 176 million women worldwide, is characterized by the abnormal growth of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus.

Read More »

Join our newsletter

Your information will be used to communicate with you and will not be shared with any 3rd party