Dr. Joseph Chen, Gynecology & Minimal Invasive Surgery, Endometriosis Specialist.
City: Oakland, California
As a provider who sees and addresses extra-pelvic endometriosis on a consistent basis, I am a believer that many of the origin theories including retrograde menstruation, Mullerian and colemic transformation, as well as dysregulation of lymphatic transportation are all relevant causes for this chronic condition. We know that premenstrual, postmenopausal as well as non-female cases for endometriosis do occur, and thus need to be cognizant of the challenges regarding current understanding of this disease.
Approach to Persistent Pain After Surgery: